Utopic Horizons

UTOPIC HORIZONS: Cinematic Geographies of Travel and Migration

Les Roberts (Unpublished PhD Thesis, Middlesex University, 2005)

Introduction (‘Trailer’)

       1. Theoretical Excursions and the Discursive Traveller

  1.1 Outline of a Discursive Field

  1.2 Definitions and Typologies of Travel

  1.3 The Dialectics of Movement and Fixity

  1.4 A Spatial Turn

  1.5 Ideational Displacements: Deterritorialised Spaces of Travel

       2. ‘Merchants of Light’: Travel, Film and the Ulyssean Gaze

  2.1 Travel and Film: Convergent Practices

  2.2 Travelling in Comfort

  2.3 Ulysses’ Gaze

  2.4 The Travails of Modernity: Dis/placing the Nation

       3. Terra Nova: The Spatial Utopics of Travel

  3.1 Ambivalent Trajectories

  3.2 (E)migration and Early Film

  3.3 Journeys of Hope

  3.4 Lost Horizons


       4. From Place to Non-Place

  4.1 Re-orientations

  4.2 Non-places and Any-spaces-whatever

  4.3 Zones of Arrival and Departure

  4.4 Zones of Stasis

  4.5 Zones of Transition

       5. Spaces of Transition: Peripatetic Geographies of the Road

  5.1 The Road Ahead

  5.2 Wandering

  5.3 Roads to Nowhere

  5.4 Spaces of Transition

  5.5 Cultivating Labours

       6. Conclusion: From Non-Place to Place

  6.1 The Filmmaker-as-traveller

  6.2 Utopic Space

  6.3 Cultivating Labours: Cultivating Place


Alexander The Great (O Megalexandros). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/Italy, 1980.

Alice In The Cities (Alice in den Städten). Dir: Wim Wenders. West Germany, 1974.

America, America. Dir: Elia Kazan. US, 1963.

Arrival Of Emigrants [i.e. Immigrants], Ellis Island (Arrival of Immigrants, Ellis Island). America Mutoscope / Biograph Co. US, 1906.

Arriveé D’un Train En Gare, L’. Dir: Auguste Lumière and Louis Lumière. France, 1895.

Avventura, L’ (Adventure, The). Dir: Michelangelo Antonioni. Italy/France, 1960.

Beach, The. Dir: Danny Boyle. US, 2000.

Beekeeper, The (O Melissokomos). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/France, 1986.

Beyond Our Dreams (Ji Xewnên Me Wêda / Passeurs de Rêves). Dir: Hiner Saleem. France/Armenia/Italy, 2000.

Bhaji On The Beach. Dir: Gurinder Chadha. UK, 1993.

Bus, The (Otobüs). Dir: Tunc Okan. Turkey, 1977.

Butterfly Kiss. Dir: Michael Winterbottom. UK, 1994.

Cannibal Tours. Dir: Dennis O’Rourke. Australia, 1987.

Canterbury Tale, A. Dir: Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger. UK, 1944.

Clandestins. Dir: Denis Chouinard and Nicolas Wadimoff. Switzerland/Canada/France/ Belgium, 1997.

Cold Fever (Á Köldum Klaka). Dir: Fridrik Thor Fridiksson. Iceland/Germany/Switzerland, 1994.

Crash. Dir: David Cronenberg. Canada, 1996.

Cruise To St. Kilda And The Western Isles, A. Dir: Unknown. UK, 1929.

Drôle De Félix (Funny Felix). Dir: Olivier Ducastel and Jacques Martineau. France, 2000.

Easy Rider. Dir: Dennis Hopper. US, 1969.

Edge Of The World, The. Dir: Michael Powell. UK, 1937.

El Norte. Dir: Gregory Nava. US, 1983.

Emigrants [i.e. Immigrants] Landing At Ellis Island (Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island). Dir: Thomas A Edison. US, 1903.

Emigrants, The (Utvandrarna). Dir: Jan Troell. Sweden, 1971.

Eternity And A Day (Mia Eoniotita Ke Mia Mera). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/France/Italy, 1998.

Gadjo Dilo (The Crazy Stranger). Dir: Tony Gatlif. Romania/France, 1997.

Gallivant. Dir: Andrew Kotting. UK, 1996.

Gleaners And I, The (Les Glaneurs et la glaneuse). Dir: Agnès Varda. France, 2000.

Gleaners And I: Two Years Later, The (Les Glaneurs et la glaneuse: deux ans après). Dir: Agnès Varda, France. 2002.

Glimpses Of India. Dir: Unknown. UK, 1929.

Grapes Of Wrath, The. Dir: John Ford. US, 1940.

Grass: A Nation’s Battle For Life. Dir: Merian C Cooper and Ernest B Schoedsack. US, 1925.

Great Train Robbery, The. Dir: Edwin S Porter. US, 1903.

Hebrew Fugitive, The (Im Lande der Unterdrückung). Dir: Unknown. US, 1908.

Hunters, The (E Kenege). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/France, 1977.

I Know Where I’m Going. Dir: Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger. UK, 1945.

Immigrant, The. Dir: Charles Chaplin. US, 1917.

In This World. Dir: Michael Winterbottom. UK, 2002.

Jacquot de Nantes. Dir: Agnès Varda. France, 1990.

Jetée, La. Dir: Chris Marker. France, 1962.

Journey Down Route 66, A. Dir: Christopher Lewis. US, 1994.

Journey Of Hope (Reise der Hoffnung). Dir: Xavier Koller. Switzerland, 1990.

Journey To Kafiristan, The (Die Reise nach Kafiristan). Dir: Fosco Dubini and Donatello Dubini. Germany/Switzerland/Netherlands, 2001

Journey To The Sun (Günese Yolculuk). Dir: Yesim Ustaoglu. Turkey/Netherlands/ Germany, 2000.

Kings Of The Road (Im Lauf der Zeit). Dir: Wim Wenders. West Germany, 1976.

Lacho Drom (Safe Journey). Dir: Tony Gatlif. France, 1993.

Lad From Old Ireland, The. Dir: Sidney Olcott. US, 1910.

Landscape In The Mist (Topio stin Omichli). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/France/Italy, 1988.

Last Orders. Dir: Fred Schepisi. UK/Germany, 2001.

Last Resort. Dir: Pawel Pawlikowski. UK, 2000.

Letter From An Unknown Woman. Dir: Max Ophüls. US, 1948.

London. Dir: Patrick Keiller. UK, 1997.

London Orbital. Dir: Chris Petit and Iain Sinclair. UK, 2002.

Lost Horizon. Dir: Frank Capra. US, 1937.

Lumière et compagnie (Lumière and Company). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos et al. France/Denmark/Spain/Sweden, 1995.

Making An American Citizen (L’Américanisé). Dir: Alice Guy Blache. US, 1912.

New Land, The (Nybyggarna). Dir: Jan Troell. Sweden, 1972.

Ninety Degrees South. Dir: Herbert Ponting. UK, 1933.

Nostalgia (Nostalghia). Dir: Andrei Tarkovsky. Italy/France/USSR, 1983.

O Dreamland. Dir: Lindsay Anderson. UK, 1953.

Off To The Revolution By 2CV (Alla Rivoluzione Sulla due Cavalli). Dir: Maurizio Sciara. Italy, 2001.

Open Road, The. Dir: Claude Friese-Greene. UK, 1924.

Paris, Texas. Dir: Wim Wenders. UK/France/West Germany, 1984.

Photograph, The (Wêne). Dir: Kazim Ox. Turkey, 2000.

Radio On. Dir: Christopher Petit. UK/West Germany, 1979.

Railway Ride Along French Riviera. Dir: Unknown. Country Unknown, 1910.

Reconstruction (Anaparastasi). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece, 1970.

Roadblocks (Berlêgirtinên Rê). Dir: Stavros Ioannou. Greece, 2000.

Robinson In Space. Dir: Patrick Keiller. UK, 1997.

Shawshank Redemption, The. Dir: Frank Darabont. US, 1994.

Solaris. Dir: Andrei Tarkovsky. USSR, 1972.

South. Dir: Frank Hurley. UK, 1919.

Stand-By. Dir: Roch Stephanik. France, 2000.

Suspended Step Of The Stork, The (To Meteoro Vima Tou Pelargou). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. France/Italy/Switzerland/Greece, 1991.

Tempo Di Viaggio (Time of Travel / Travelling Time). Dir: Andrei Tarkovsky. Italy, 1983.

Terminal, The. Dir: Steven Spielberg. US, 2004.

Three Colours: Red (Trois Couleurs: Rouge). Dir: Krzysztof Kieslowski. Poland/France/ Switzerland, 1994.

Time Of The Gypsies (Dom Za Vesanje). Dir: Emir Kusturica. UK/Italy/Yugoslavia, 1988.

Time Out (L’Emploi du Temps). Dir: Laurent Cantet. France, 2001.

To The Sunny East. Dir: Unknown. Country Unknown, 1926.

Tokyo Story (Tokyo monogatari). Dir: Yasujiro Ozu. Japan, 1953.

Traffic Jam (Jutai). Dir: Mitsuo Kurotsuchi. Japan, 1991.

Travelling Players, The (O Thiassos). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece, 1975.

Trilogy: The Weeping Meadow (Trilogia I: To Livadi Pou Dakryzei). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. France/Greece/Italy, 2004.

Trip On The Italian Lakes, A. Dir: Unknown. Italy, 1908.

Trip To Brazil, A. Dir: Unknown. UK, 1910.

Tunnel sous La Manche, La. Dir: George Meliés. France, 1906.

Ulysees’ Gaze (To Vlemma Tou Odyssea). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/Italy/France, 1995.

Vagabond (Sans toit ni loi). Dir: Agnès Varda. France/UK, 1985.

Vallée, La (Obscured by Clouds). Dir: Barbet Schroeder. France, 1972.

Vanishing, The (Spoorloos). Dir: George Sluizer. Netherlands/France, 1988.

Voyage To Cythera (Taxidi Sta Kithira). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/German Federal Republic/Italy/UK, 1983.

Voyages. Dir: Emmanuel Finkiel. France, 2000.

Weekend. Dir: Jean-Luc Godard. Italy/France, 1967.

Wings Of Desire (Der Himmel über Berlin). Dir: Wim Wenders. West Germany/France, 1987.